A global, shared responsibility calls for an increased number of Member States to contribute with higher amounts to UNEP, in particular to the Environment Fund. Governments are the core of UNEP’s funding because UNEP is an intergovernmental organization owned by the 193 UN Member States. Each and every country is a donor, and each and every country is a recipient.
Altogether, 181 countries made at least one voluntary contribution to the Environment Fund in the period 1973-2015. As at July 2016, the top 15 contributors to the Environment Fund contributed up to 80% of the total income from the Fund, whereas the other contributors made up for only 20% of the total.
Subsequent to the governments’ commitment in Rio to providing stable, secure, adequate and increased financial resources (SSAIFR) for UNEP through both the regular budget and voluntary contributions, several governments recognized that some collective momentum was needed to achieve this commitment. Discussions were hence initiated amongst some Member States with the main purpose of finding a way to share the funding burden and generating additional contributions, in particular, to the Environment Fund. The discussions have identified key areas that led to the development of a global funding strategy.
The funding strategy calls for a SSAIFR future for UNEP. Some Member States have taken the lead in providing SSAIFR funding by having multi-year agreements with UNEP. These agreements are designed to promote long term stability and strengthen the cooperation between the Member State and UNEP by implementing programmes that are consistent with UNEP’s mandate and that achieve results at the global, regional, and national levels. Examples of these Programme Cooperation Agreements are found below:
A SSAIFR future for UNEP is structured along the following principles:
- A shift towards increased un-earmarked funding
- A widened based for contributions
- More partnerships that catalyse resources and results at global, regional and national levels
- Increased Return On Investment (ROI)
- Accountability and Communication