Earmarked contributions support the implementation of UNEP’s Programme of Work. These contributions are made by Member States, United Nations bodies, other organizations, non-state actors and individuals, for specific programme activities, services and facilities that support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
While Earmarked Contributions allow Member States to report on priority issues based on their respective governments’ agenda, broader earmarking, targeted for example at the sub-programme level rather than a specific activity, is needed to enable the Secretariat to deliver the programme in a balanced and cost-effective manner. “Soft” earmarking reduces programme support costs by simplifying administrative procedures. A few Member States have already applied this approach successfully to the satisfaction of both the governments and the Secretariat.
At the Rio+20 conference in June 2012, the Member States committed to strengthen UNEP and to provide secure, stable, adequate and increased financial resources. This is to be pursued through increased UN Regular Budget Allocations and contributions to the Environment Fund, thus the shift towards increased un-earmarked funding.