With 75 Parties having ratified the Paris Agreement, corresponding to 67.7% of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the Agreement entered into force on November 4th, 2016, merely 3 days before the opening of the “COP of Action”.
The 22nd session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 22) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is held on November 7-18 in Marrakech. The COP Presidency and its participants strive to take the Paris Agreement closer to operational levels. Bringing greater emphasis on Climate Change Adaptation, developing a Global Action Agenda with non-state actors, and drawing a roadmap for the mobilization of 100 billion US dollars by 2020, are among the most visible results that COP22 might yield.
Following the momentum of the historic adoption of the Paris Agreement, its signature, ratification and record-early entry into force, UN Environment has been responding to Parties’ call to provide NDC support and analysis, capacity building for transparency, measuring, and reporting, and to foster pre-2020 actions with non-state actors.
Some of UN Environment’s work will be particularly visible at this year’s UN Climate Change Conference in Marrakech:
- The recently released UN Environment’s Emissions Gap Report and the Adaptation Gap Report that provide important inputs and reference points to the negotiations and the upcoming Global Stocktake process, and that help bridge climate science with climate policy making.
- The Global Support Program for National Adaptation Plan (NAP) process, and the NAP support initiative under the newly established Green Climate Fund’s readiness support window.
- The recently launched UN Secretary General’s A2R initiative –“Anticipate, Absorb, Reshape”- to build climate resilience in the world's most vulnerable countries.
- The new Initiative for Climate Action Transparency (ICAT) focusing on transparency and MRV, and the joint efforts with UNDP to provide a Global Coordination Platform for the Capacity Building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) established at the COP in Paris.
- Supporting the development of NDC readiness implementation plans.
- A portfolio of activities and initiatives to support developing countries’ access to Climate Finance, and to encourage increasing flows of private climate finance.
- Climate technology related work through technical support provided by the Climate Technology Center and Network (CTCN) and through the leveraging of climate finance for technology deployment.
- Several flagship contributions to the Lima-Paris-Action agenda, now evolving into the Global Climate Agenda, through the Africa Renewable Energy Initiative (AREI), the Global Alliance for Buildings and Construction (GABC), the Climate & Clean Air Coalition (CCAC) to reduce short-lived climate pollutants, several Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) efforts on efficient lighting, appliances and equipment, vehicle fuel efficiency, and the fast growing District Energy in Cities initiative.
A full listing of events at the COP22, where UN Environment’s work will be showcased, can be downloaded here.
“Last year in Paris, we promised to keep the world safe from the worst effects of climate change. Today, we are following through on that promise,” said UN Environment chief Erik Solheim, as nearly 200 countries agreed in Kigali on October 15th 2016, to curb HFC powerful greenhouse gases in largest climate breakthrough since Paris. Should Marrakech confirm the trend and be indeed recorded as the COP of Action!