International Environmental Law

Overview

UNEP has been conducting its environmental law activities on the basis of sequential ten-year Montevideo Programmes for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law, setting the strategy for UNEP's engagement in the field of environmental law.

Key Activities

Preventing Transboundary Environmental Crime
Enhancing International Cooperation to deal with Offenses against the Environment, in particular trafficking in Hazardous Wastes, Wildlife and Illegal Timber, and such offenses committed by organized criminal groups. Environmental crime is currently one of the most profitable forms of criminal activity. INTERPOL estimates that global wildlife crime is worth billions of dollars a year.

Progressive Development of Environmental Law
UNEP has been conducting its environmental law activities on the basis of sequential ten-year Montevideo Programmes for the Development and Periodic Review of Environmental Law, setting the strategy for UNEP's engagement in the field of environmental law.

 

Water Law: Supporting the Development and Implementation of National, Regional and Global Legal Instruments and Policies for the Sustainable use of Freshwater Resources
Effective governance of freshwater resources (both surface and ground water) is one of the most pressing environmental issues today. Freshwater ecosystems have been experiencing rapid and severe degradation and loss in the past 50 years due to over-exploitation, pollution, and other human activities.

 

Human Rights and the Environment
UNEP, the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, and the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment have joined efforts to identify, promote and exchange views on good practices relating to the use of human rights obligations and commitments to inform, support and strengthen environmental policymaking, especially in the areas of environmental protection and management.

Law and Environment Ontology(LEO): Web-tools for the Implementation and Enforcement of International Environmental Law and Internationally Agreed Targets/GOALS
LEO aims to provide an agreed to semantic standard for any institution or organization that collects and manages data, information and knowledge in the field of Environmental Law and Governance.

Green Customs Initiative
A partnership of international organisations aimed at enhancing the capacity of customs in facilitating legal trade, and preventing illegal trade, of environmentally sensitive commodities