United Nations
Environment Programme


Education vital for healthy, productive ecosystems

One of UNEP’s goals within an integrated ecosystem management framework is to foster the capacity of professionals and develop human capacity across all social strata and genders.

Towards Sustainable Pastoralism

We need to safeguard the environmental benefits of pastoralism by incentivizing environmental stewardship. Rangelands are places of great beauty and inspiration that cover more than a third of all land on the planet, and most of this land is managed by pastoralists.

Urgent Need for Sustainable Management of Coral Reefs

An extensive aerial and underwater survey of Australia’s Great Barrier Reef (GBR) revealed that 93 per cent of it has been affected, with about half of the reefs severely bleached. Now come reports of widespread bleaching in the Lakshadweep archipelago, which lies 200-440 km off the southwestern coast of mainland India.

A Landscape Approach to Development

The world needs, and is ready for, a new paradigm for development – one that acknowledges the inherent interconnectedness of human and natural systems and the resources that underpin them.

Understanding the Long-Term Impacts of Natural Resource Extraction

Many mining companies want and need to know how to manage secondary impacts; all too frequently, they lack access to the information they need to do this effectively

The marine environment is an essential component of the global life-support system

Oceans cover 71 per cent of the Earth’s surface and provide us with food, oxygen and jobs. But they are probably the least understood, most biologically diverse, and most undervalued of all ecosystems.

Water Guidelines: Practical Help for Policymakers

Freshwater biodiversity is in serious decline in many parts of the world. When you pick up a bottle of water in a supermarket, you can reasonably expect it to be safe to drink because you know that it has been manufactured to certain approved standards. 

Bond Markets Must Consider Environmental Risks

Finance and capital markets have so far mostly focused on climate change in terms of the predominant environmental risk and its effect on equities. But bonds – whether government or corporate – are not shielded from the impacts of climate change, ecosystem degradation and resource constraints.

Why Governments Must Weigh Environmental Risks

Governments are increasingly coming to realize that climate change could have a significant material impact on their economy. They should also recognize that the consumption patterns of their populations can have environmental and economic impacts far beyond their borders.

The Economic Invisibility of Agriculture

We need to change the way we do intensive food production, not only for our health but for the health of the planet.