Linking science with policy helps to bring about policy planning to address new and emerging environmental issues.
Environmental concerns are often only addressed once the effects are seen — minimizing damage rather than reverse or prevent it completely. This is seen in some of the greatest challenges that affect the world as a whole. The Environment Under Review programme is taking steps to mitigate environmental degradation one step further—not just to meet the challenges but prevent them before they even occur by highlighting emerging issues in the annual Frontiers report.
By identifying and analyzing emerging issues, the programme helps to timely inform decision makers allowing emerging problems to be addressed before they bring about large scale adverse impacts. In addition, the process also allows new solutions to emerge. For example, Small Island Developing States, such as the island and coastal nations in the Caribbean, off the coast of Africa, and in the waters of the South Pacific, are turning away from fossil fuels for energy and investing in the generation of energy through renewables, such as solar, wind, and hydroelectricity, before turning towards energy sources that put them at risk the most.