While future work on water issues will be in the context of waste management, IETC has previously facilitated the implementation of environmentally sound technologies (ESTs) for water and sanitation to improve resource efficiency and to enhance ecosystem management practices.

These activities were undertaken through the demonstration of promising ESTs in ecologically sensitive and water scarce areas, supporting decision-making through modelling applications and policy-relevant tools and analysis, and promoting partnerships for mainstreaming of good practices.

Since IETC’s inception, water had been a key focal area with initiatives on the management of lakes and reservoirs, Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) based on the ecosystem approach, and promotion of water-related ESTs. IETC's focused on:

  • Facilitating Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) based on the ecosystem approach

  • Promoting water-related ESTs including the phytotechnology concept

  • Promoting environmentally sound water and wastewater provision at the community level

  • Publishing technical and policy-relevant materials such as

    • “Lessons Learned on Mainstreaming Pilot projects into Larger Project”

    • “Every Drop Counts: Environmentally Sound Technologies for urban and domestic water use

    • Modelling applications to support ESTs' design

IETC's efforts in the field of Water and Sanitation were projected mainly towards demonstration / Pilot project.

    Support for Environmental Management of the Iraqi Marshlands (Iraq)

    ESTs implemented have enabled drinking water provision in rural communities and generated data and return on experience in water quality and wetland management practices as well as sanitation services.

    Support for the Environmental Management of the Iraqi Marshlands

    Water Footprint, Neutrality and Efficiency <WaFNE>

    The WaFNE project is being implemented jointly with UNEP DTIE’s SCP Branch and UNEP Financial Initiative. The project addresses the growing need to further enhance water efficiency and to improve water quality
    more holistically, by applying two emerging concepts of water footprint accounting and water neutrality in key
    industrial sectors and within waterstressed geographical areas.Globally, the project is expected to help address
    water shortage and contamination. IETC focuses on public sector engagement and application of water footprint and
    neutrality policies within a geographical area in water-stressed regions.

    “Water footprint” is a measure of water appropriation from goods and services derived through the integration of water consumption over the complete production and supply chain (direct and indirect water use). “Water neutrality”
    refers to the reduction and offsetting of the negative externalities resulting from the water footprint of a unit of analysis,
    such as a product, service, individual consumer, business or other organisations.

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