The National Environment Management Council (NEMC) came into being in 1983 when the Government of Tanzania enacted the National Environment Management Act No. 19 of 1983. NEMC was established with a broad mandate in response to the national need for such an institution to oversee environmental management issues and also implement the resolutions of the Stockholm conference (1972), which called upon all nations to establish and strengthen national environmental Councils to advise governments and the international community on environmental issues.
The enactment of Environmental Management Act No. 20 of 2004 (EMA, 2004) by Parliament in October 2004, repealed the National Environmental Management Act No.19 of 1983 and re-established NEMC. EMA 2004 provides for a legal and institutional framework for sustainable management of the environment, prevention and control pollution, waste management, environmental quality standards, public participation, environmental compliance and enforcement. Furthermore, it gives NEMC mandates to undertake enforcement, compliance , review and monitoring of environmental impacts assessments, research, facilitate public participation in environmental decision-making, raise environmental awareness and collect and disseminate environmental information.
The challenge of integrating Environmental concerns into development processes for sustenance was first realized in the late 1960s and this culminated in the Stockholm Conference on Environment and Development in 1972.
Tanzania responded to this global Environmental Processes by enactment of the NEM- Act 1983, creating an Environmental Council [known as National Environmental Management Council-NEMC] which became operational in 1986; the formulation and approval of the National Environment Policy 1997 and the recent Environmental Management Act (EMA), 2004. Further Tanzania has ratified several of the Multilateral Environmental Agreements
The object and purpose for which NEMC is established is to undertake environmental enforcement, compliance, review and monitor environmental impact statements, research and awareness raising.
Thus NEMC vision is to excel in sound environmental management in order to assist the nation fulfils its aspiration for sustainable development while its mission is to ensure protection of the environment and sustainable use of resources for enhancing the quality of lives of the people of Tanzania
Since 1986, the nations environmental integrity (through the Development Vision 2025) is now focused toward achieving high quality of livelihood for all, good governance, the rule of law and building a strong and competitive economy that can effectively withstand global competition as well as observance of high quality environmental standards for sustainable development.
Furthermore, the Government of Tanzania has introduced measures to improve management performance in the delivery of services to the public by engaging people institutions with vision and capacity to implement their mandates.
- To enforce and ensure compliance of the national environmental quality standards.
- To review of Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) and conduct environmental monitoring and auditing of projects and facilities.
- To undertake and co-ordinate research, investigation and surveys in the field of environment and collect, and disseminate information.
- To carry-out research and surveys for the proper management and conservation of environment.
- To render advise and technical support to entities engaged in natural resources and environmental management.
- To initiate and evolve procedures and safeguards for the prevention of accidents which may cause environmental degradation.
- To enhance environmental education and public awareness; and establish and operate national environmental information system for sound environmental management.
- To publish and disseminate manuals, codes and guidelines relating to environmental management and prevention or abatement of environmental degradation.
- To issue restoration and recommend for easements orders, and save prohibition notice.
- To undertake any other functions assigned by the Minister such as Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICM).
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