This report collates information on ecosystem-based indicators and indices currently being measure by regional entities, and seeks to identify common elements. From this analysis the report postulates whether a limited generic set of indicators can be derived.

This guide collects and summarizes good practices on the successful mediation of resource conflicts. It draws on the field experiences of mediators and mediation experts, specifically those with natural resource expertise.

It also features lessons learned from UNEP’s work on environmental diplomacy in different conflict-affected countries, with a particular focus on how to use impartial technical knowledge to equalize stakeholder information in a mediation process.

Valuation and accounting of island ecosystem services is fundamental to our ability to achieve sustainable green growth in small island developing states (SIDS). SIDS are characterized by, amongst other things, a well-defined set of in situ socioeconomic, cultural and governance conditions; a population’s clear perception and use of island ecosystem services; high richness in natural capital; and the delicate nature of the many ecosystems that support livelihoods and local economies.

Trying to scale up proven but limited innovations is a common development challenge, requiring the adept handling of inevitable technical and institutional barriers, and the creation of viable pathways which can overcome out-dated but often resilient conventional wisdoms.

Pathways to Scale, the UNEP Inquiry`s third progress report, explores how innovative ideas and practices can be made more effective, adopted more widely and taken to scale, and as a result mobilize the trillions of dollars required for sustainable development.

Africa is endowed with many dramatic landscapes, including the impressive mountains that rise above its plains. From snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest point, through the massive blocks of highlands that define the vast East African Rift Valley, to the Atlas Mountains bordering the Sahara Desert in the northern part of the continent, Africa’s mountains represent a variety of ecosystems.

African countries are going to have to adapt to protect their peoples from the harsh impacts of climate change and to ensure that they are not derailed from their current development pathways.