Europe and Central Asia Countries Explore Opportunities for Energy-Efficient Cooling under Kigali Amendment

ANTALYA, TURKEY, 10 October 2018.—Forty-seven experts including officials from 13 governments in Europe and Central Asia gathered in this Mediterranean city to...

Europe & Central Asia (ECA) Meeting of Ozone Officers in Antalya, Turkey, 11-12 October 2018

European and Central Asian countries, the Ozone Secretariat and implementing agencies of the Montreal Protocol met in Antalya to share information and lessons learned from...

Pacific Islands Ozone Officers Consider Next Steps for HCFC Phase-out and Initial Kigali Amendment Obligations

BANGKOK, 29 September 2018 - The first Thematic Meeting on the Implementation of the Initial Obligations for Countries that have Ratified the Montreal Protocol...

South Asia and South East Asia newly trained Ozone Officers set to Implement Montreal Protocol

BANGKOK, 29 September 2018 — Following a successful training of new National Ozone Officers from the Pacific Island Countries, UN Environment OzonAction...

Pacific Islands Cooperate on Energy-Efficient Cooling under Kigali Amendment

BANGKOK, THAILAND, 2 October 2018.— Forty-seven officials from 14 Pacific Island Country governments gathered in Bangkok to identify opportunities and forge...

In the Spotlight

2018 World Ozone Day

2018 Ozone Day theme: Keep Cool and Carry on: Montreal Protocol

The Secretary General's Ozone Day message

Read More

OzoNews

Volume XVIII - 15 October 2018 Issue:  

1. Little-noticed treaty could help delay climate catastrophe
2. $45 Billion commercial refrigeration equipment market - Global forecast to 2023
3. Find out about 2018 World Ozone Day Country Activities
4. Germany supports Ghana to phase out outmoded air-conditioners
5. Pacific Islands cooperate on energy-efficient cooling under Kigali Amendment
6. South Asia and South East Asia newly trained ozone officers set to implement Montreal Protocol
7. Philippines never wavered in commitment to phase out ozone depleting chemicals [...] Read full PDF version

Publications

KIGALI FACT SHEET NO.15 - Substances (NOT) Controlled under the Montreal Protocol

In the Kigali Amendment the Protocol was extended to control the production and consumption of HFCs. These are not ODS, but they are very powerful greenhouse gases (GHGs). This Fact Sheet provides details of which substances are controlled under the Montreal Protocol and gives examples of related substances that are not included in these controls.

English

KIGALI FACT SHEET NO.16 - GWPs of Refrigerant Mixtures: Kigali Context

Many of the commonly used refrigerants are mixtures of several pure fluids. The Kigali Amendment controls the use of HFCs, including those used in refrigerant mixtures. This Fact Sheet provides details about the GWP of refrigerant mixtures.

English

KIGALI FACT SHEET NO.17 - Refrigerant Trends in Mobile Air-Conditioning

Mobile air-conditioning (MAC) systems are used to cool the driver and passengers in land transport including cars, vans, lorries, buses, agricultural vehicles and trains. Historically all car air-conditioning used the refrigerant CFC-12.

English

KIGALI FACT SHEET NO.18 - Use of HFCs in Fire Protection Systems

The most widely used fire protection systems (FPS) involve water based systems such as automatic sprinklers. An important category of FPS are chemical agents that can quickly extinguish a fire without creating some of the consequential damage that is created by water-based FPS. Historically, the most important chemical agents were halons.

English

KIGALI FACT SHEET NO.19 - Phase-down Strategy: Impact of Gas Choices

In Kigali Fact Sheet 6 the development of a national HFC phase-down strategy is discussed and gives background information on the “core actions” that can be used to deliver the required cuts in HFC consumption. It was stressed that the most important long-term core action is to use lower GWP alternatives to HFCs in all new equipment.

English

Twinning of National Ozone Officers and Energy Policymakers

Under the Kigali Cooling Efficiency Program (K-CEP), UN Environment is implementiong a two-year "twinning" project to build the capacity of National Ozone Officers and national energy policymakers for linking energy efficiency and Montreal Protocol objectives in support of the Kigali Amendment.

English

OzonAction Scoop No. 1

A new tri-annual newsletter by UN Environment Ozonaction under the Multilateral Fund for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

English

OzonAction Scoop No.2

A tri-annual newsletter by UN Environment Ozonaction under the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

English

Legislative and Policy Options to Control Hydrofluorocarbons

This document was produced by the UN Environment, Economy Division, OzonAction as part of UN Environement's work programme under the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol.

English|French|Russian|Spanish

Demonstration of a Regional Strategy for ODS Waste Management and Disposal in the ECA Region

The project “Demonstration of a Regional Strategy for ODS Waste Management and Disposal in the ECA Region” was prepared jointly by UN Environment and UNIDO, on behalf of the Governments of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Montenegro.

English

Refrigerants Literacy e-Learning Course

UN Environment and ASHRAE have partnered on a free web-based course entitled “Refrigerants Literacy.” This course provides 4.5 hours of instruction covering the basics of refrigerants used in air conditioning and refrigeration applications. The course is mainly designed for non-specialist in HVAC&R operation and servicing, i.e.

English

OzonAction Series of Fact Sheets Relevant to the Kigali Amendment (quick links)

Following the adoption of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, UN Environment's OzonAction prepared a series of fact sheets describing the immediate and future challenges to be addressed by the different Parties between now and until the amendment comes into force.

English

OASI 2017: OZONE AND CLIMATE PROTECTION: LOW-GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL ALTERNATIVES

English

The Informal Prior-Informed Consent (iPIC) Mechanism 2016 - Fact sheet

The iPIC mechanism is a voluntary and informal system of information exchange on intended trade between the authorities in importing and exporting countries that are responsible for issuing ODS trade licenses.

English

FACT SHEET: QPS Uses of Methyl Bromide and Their Alternatives

MB consumption for QPS purposes At the 1992 Meeting of the Parties (MOP) in Copenhagen, methyl bromide (MB) was included as a controlled substance Ozone Depleting Substance, (ODS).

English

FACT SHEET: Commonly Traded HCFCs and Mixtures Containing HCFCs

1. Ozone Depleting Potential, Montreal Protocol ‘reporting’ values, Montreal Protocol Handbook, 2012. 2. Global Warming Potential, WMO Scientific Assessment Report, 2014 3. A1 = Lower toxicity, no flame propagation (non-flammable); B1 = Higher toxicity, no flame propagation (non-flammable); A2 = Lower toxicity, flammable 4.

English

FACT SHEET: Commonly Used Non-ODS Substitute Refrigerant

1. Global Warming Potential, WMO Scientific Assessment Report 2014; Report of the Refrigeration, Air Conditioning and Heat Pumps Technical Options Committee 2014 Assessment 2.

English

FACT SHEET: Common Products and Equipment Containing or Reliant on HCFCs

1. If such preparation or mixture containing HCFC is shipped in a container used for transportation or storage it should be treated as “mixture containing HCFC”, not as “product containing HCFC” and the restrictions in country’s domestic legislation related to HCFCs (also contained in mixtures) shall apply. See: Paragraph 4 of the Decision XIV/7 of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol. 2.

English

FACT SHEET: HS Nomenclature (HS Codes) for HCFCs and Certain Other Ozone Depleting Substances (Post-Kigali Update)

To better facilitate monitoring of trade in ODS, the Parties to the Montreal Protocol requested the World Customs Organization (WCO) to revise the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, also known as the Harmonized System (HS codes) for HCFCs.

English

FACT SHEET: Ozone Depleting Potential (ODP) of Refrigerants - Which Particular Values are Used?

Under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, Article 7 of the Protocol requires all Parties, both developing countries (also called Article 5 countries) and developed countries, to provide statistical data on an annual basis, on various issued related to trade and production of ozone-depleting substances (ODS), covering CFCs, halons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chlor

English

FACT SHEET: Global Warming Potential (GWP) of Refrigerants - Why are Particular Values Used? (Post-Kigali Update)

In 2016, the Montreal Protocol was amended to phase-down the production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) which are commonly used alternatives to ozone depleting substances.

English

FACT SHEET: Refrigerant Blends: Calculating Global Warming Potentials (GWPs) - Post-Kigali Update

The number of single component refrigerants with different thermodynamic properties suitable for different types of equipment is limited. Growing demand for refrigeration and air-conditioning with diversified applications has led to a continued search for suitable refrigerant blends.

English

FACT SHEET: Update on New Refrigerants Designations and Safety Classifications

The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide an update on ASHRAE standards for refrigerants and to introduce the new refrigerants that have been awarded an «R» number over the last few years and introduced into the international market.

English

FACT SHEET: Refrigerant Blends: Calculating Ozone Depleting Potentials (ODPs)

The number of single component refrigerants with different thermodynamic properties suitable for different types of equipment is limited. Growing demand for refrigeration and air-conditioning with diversified applications has led to a continued search for suitable refrigerant blends.

English

FACTSHEET: The Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol - HFC Phase-down

A fact sheet summarising and highlighting the main elements of the Amendment of particular interest to countries operating under Article 5 of the Protocol (Article 5 Parties).

English|French|Spanish|Russian

FACTSHEET: Tools Commonly Used by Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Technicians

A quick and simple overview of the basic tools used by RAC technicians.

English

Energy Efficiency in the Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) Sector

Providing the same cooling, using less energy and living better!

English

The Montreal Protocol and Human Health (2016)

How global action protects us from the ravages of ultraviolet radiation.

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Utilisation securisée des fluides alternatifs aux HCFC en froid et climatisation (2016)

Tour d’horizon à l’attention des pays en développement

French|English

National Certification Schemes for Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Service Technicians

Examples of strategies and requirements for their establishment and operation.

Certification is important in order to verify the competence of personnel handling equipment and refrigerants. This publication provides a simple overview and examples of the design and implementation of certification schemes for technicians and enterprises in the RAC servicing sector.

English|French|Russian

FACT SHEET: Use of HCFC Alternatives in Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning: Higher toxicity refrigerants

As the phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) progresses, it is expected that there will be a considerably higher uptake, in particular in developing countries, of ‘alternative refrigerants’, such as hydrocarbons, ammonia, carbon dioxide, unsaturated hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) –or HFOs.

Arabic|English|French|Spanish

FACT SHEET: Free Trade Zones and Trade in ODS

Ozone depleting substances (ODS) controlled by the Montreal Protocol are susceptible to illegal trade due to the restrictions on their import and export in many countries and the continued high demand for many of these substances.

English|Russian

FACT SHEET: Certification of Refrigerant and Air-Conditioning Service Technicians

English

Upcoming Events/Meetings

Twinning Workshop on Energy-Efficient and Climate-Friendly Refrigeration and Air Conditioning: Caribbean
Quito, Ecuador
October 30, 2018 to October 31, 2018
Joint Meeting of the Networks of Central America, South America and the Caribbean
Quito, Ecuador November 1, 2018