United Nations Environment Programme
The creation of the Ozone Officers Networks for Mexico and Central America, and for South America was approved at the 12th Executive Committee Meeting in 1994. These two networks comprise of 19 members:
Mexico and Central America: Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama.
South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela.
As a consequence of the joint work between the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP), other Implementing Agencies and national efforts, the following were achieved for the LAC region from 2003 to March 2007:
A reorientation of the ODS networks was provided. The main adjustments made by the team included the streamlining of the programme administration as well as the shift to providing policy and compliance guidance to countries and cooperation promotion between countries. Thematic meetings and workshops were introduced at the three Networks instead of the traditional Follow up Meetings.
Methyl Bromide and Annex A group 1 Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's) uses are the main challenges for the majority of countries of the region. For that reason five workshops on methyl bromide were carried out, two workshops on refrigeration, and a meeting with CFC regional producers. As a cross cutting issue, training on project management and the Montreal Protocol Compliance was given to new Ozone Officers at the Caribbean Network and some countries of Central and South America. Nevertheless, other ODS are now becoming equally important such as CTC and TCA, due to the Montreal Protocol phase out previsions for developing countries.
The thematic meetings approach is adapted to the countries' needs and such meetings count on the participation of the private sector, tertiary educational institutions, and other Government Officers such as Customs Officers in addition to the National Ozone Officers. This broader participation was an innovation introduced for awareness and commitment purposes of main country stakeholders further to the regular Network Meetings.
Taking into account that this last stage in the phase-out schedule is most difficult and challenging for the countries in the region, the main objectives are: