Customs and enforcement

 

OzonAction pursues the objectives of the Montreal Protocol through partnerships with leading international and regional industry associations and professional societies, non-governmental organisations, bilateral agencies, and other United Nation organisations. By joining hands with other like-minded partners, OzonAction is able to leverage and complement their technical capacities, skills, networks, and resources to undertake activities of mutual interest that assist Article 5 countries in their work under the Montreal Protocol. In recent years, OzonAction has focused its partnership efforts on the HCFC phase out in the refrigeration servicing sector, customs and enforcement, standards, and achievement of climate co-benefits in line with Decision XIX/6 of the Meeting of the Parties. With the agreement of the Kigali Amendment in October 2017, OzonAction has teamed up with other organisations to start preparing Article 5 countries for the phase down of HFCs and achieving the related energy efficiency benefits. 

The following are OzonAction’s current partners related to customs and enforcement:

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (EC)

Type of organisation:
Government agency

Scope of cooperation:
Global

Type of cooperation:
Enforcing ODS licensing systems.

Details:
Active partner of iPIC initiative

ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY (EIA)

Type of organisation:
International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation:
Global

Type of cooperation:
Preventing illegal trade in ODS.

Details:
Participating in UN Environment Network meetings; outreaching information about combatting illegal ODS trade through publications and website.

GREEN CUSTOMS INITIATIVE (GCI)

Type of organisation:
International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation:
Global

Type of cooperation:
Customs training; compliance and enforcement; combatting illegal ODS trade.

Details:
The GCI partners include the Secretariats of the relevant multilateral environmental agreements (Basel, Cartagena, CITES, Montreal, Rotterdam Stockholm), Interpol, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, UN Environment, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the WCO. The partnership is coordinated by UN Environment DELC.

NATIONAL CUSTOMS AGENCIES

Type of organisation:
Government agency

Scope of cooperation:
National

Type of cooperation:
Promoting enforcement of trade provisions for ODS under the Montreal Protocol; customs training training activities under HPMPs; contact point for Montreal Protocol-related training of customs officers; disseminating enforcement-related information; reporting seizures of ODS, mixtures and equipment; participating in enforcement-related events; training related to HPMP implementation through customs training institutes; reporting of illegal ODS trade; nominating candidates for ozone protection award (ECA region).

Details:
Various activities at country level.

WORLD CUSTOMS ORGANISATION (WCO)

Type of organisation:
International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation:
Global

Type of cooperation:
Customs training; e-training; compliance and enforcement; combatting illegal ODS trade.

Details:
UN Environment and WCO have a formal framework for cooperation (MOU). UN Environment collaborated with WCO to develop a Montreal Protocol e-learning course for customs officers, which is hosted by WCO’s e-learning platform; mutual participation in relevant events. UN Environment cooperates with WCO Headquarters as well as WCO’s Regional Intelligence Liaison Offices (RILOs), Regional Offices of Capacity Building (ROCB), and Regional Training Centres (e.g. AKMAL in Malaysia, ROK, India).