Overview

Since becoming an Implementing Agency of the Multilateral Fund in 1991, UNEP has built partnerships with key international and regional industry associations, professional societies, international organisations, government agencies and NGOs to further the objectives of the Montreal Protocol. In recent years, UNEP has sought new partners to help support activities that have the potential to influence national HCFC policy and practice for effective ODS phase out, including a focus on the refrigeration servicing sector and climate co-benefits resulting from the choice of alternative technologies (Meeting of the Parties’ Decision XIX/6). Today, these partnerships already constitute considerable in kind support and in some cases co-financing from non-Multilateral Fund sources.

The following are OzonAction’s current or planned partnerships in 2016-2018 for achieving ozone protection and climate benefits. This is a non-exhaustive list and subject to change.

 

REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING SECTOR

AIR CONDITIONING, HEATING, AND REFRIGERATION INSTITUTE (AHRI)

Type of organisation: Industry association

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting a global industry approach to qualify refrigeration technicians; cooperating in addressing technical needs for promoting low-GWP alternatives

Details: Promoting a global industry approach to qualify refrigeration technicians; cooperating in addressing technical needs for promoting low-GWP alternatives

AIR CONDITIONING AND REFRIGERATION EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION (AREA)

Type of organisation: Professional association

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology; online e-learning; materials on the Details: use of new refrigerants; certification of technicians.

Details: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology; online e-learning; materials on the use of new refrigerants; certification of technicians

Universal Training Kit on Alternative Refrigerants

UN Environment and AREA are cooperating to strategically address the needs of the refrigeration servicing sector through different means of disseminating information, organizing joint events and exchange of expertise. Both agreed to design a specialized “Universal Training Kit on Alternative Refrigerants” for the use of training institutes and centres in developing countries with the aim of offering state-of-art information and knowledge on the best practices and techniques in managing and handling future, mainly flammable, refrigerants in sound and safe manners by different stakeholders of the RSS sectors. The Kit is designed to address the training needs for different applications (domestic, commercial, refrigeration and air-conditioning) as well as different stakeholders i.e. trainers, service technicians, operators, etc. providing full package of resources that can be easily used by the respective NOUs, training institutes and related industry or engineering associations/societies.

ARCHITECTS AND BUILDING PLANNERS

Type of organisation: Private sector

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Building design and technology choice

Details: Outreaching Montreal Protocol issues to architects and building planners related to energy and ozone-friendly building design, building codes and technology choices.

ASHRAE

Type of organisation: Professional association

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology; e-training; organizing joint international and regional events; strengthening RAC associations in developing countries; supporting ODS phase-out activities through promotion of responsible and sound management of refrigerants

Details: UN Environment and ASHRAE signed a global cooperation agreement on 8 June 2007 with the objective to achieve several global environmental and technical goals within the mandates of both organizations including, but not limited to:

  • Reducing refrigerants emissions
  • Maximizing the climate benefits in the selection of alternative refrigerants
  • Building the capacities of different heating, ventilation, air conditioning and refrigeration (HVAC&R) stakeholders, and
  • Facilitating the transfer and adoption of suitable technologies in developing countries.

The agreement established biennial work planning to address specific technical priorities and emerging issues. The work plans are developed through a joint Liaison Committee established by ASHRAE and UNEP to manage the implementation of the cooperation between the two parties. Each goal in a work plan is associated with specific programs, initiatives and activities that will be jointly implemented during that biennium. The first work plan was agreed in 2009.

2017-2018 Work Plan
The current work plan, the fourth, has been designed under the theme of “Working beyond High-GWP Refrigerants,” a major emerging technological and environmental issue for developing countries, in particular after agreement of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol. The 2017-2018 work plan addresses two main goals in relation to this theme:

Goal 1: Advocacy and Knowledge Sharing

  • Global Conferences and Events. The two organisations will work together organizing joint global events for advocating, mainly amongst stakeholders in developing countries, latest technological development in relation to moving away from high-GWP alternatives in different refrigeration and air-conditioning sectors (see Sustainable Management of Refrigeration Technologies in Marine and Off-Shore Fisheries Sectors (6-8 April 2017, Bangkok, Thailand).
  • Refrigerants Awareness Package. The two organisations will develop an awareness package for advocating knowledge and development associated with the alternative refrigerants and their policies and standardization.
  • Low-GWP Innovation Award Program. The two organisations will cooperate in establishing an international award program for promoting the innovation designs, research and practices of low-GWP alternatives and technologies.
  • Issues Related to Buildings Sector. The two organisations will cooperate in exploring joint activities and programs related to the buildings sector in conjunction with the theme of the work plan.

Goal 2: Training, Education and Practice

  • Online Training Program on Refrigerants. The two organisations will cooperate in developing and outreaching an online training course on refrigerants and make it accessible to different stakeholders around the globe (see Refrigerants Literacy e-Learning Course).
  • Contemporary Learning for Universities. The two organisations will cooperate in promoting the research and education activities related to low-GWP alternatives and technologies at universities and institutes.
  • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning (RAC) Plants Assessment Program. The two organisations will cooperate in developing an assessment program on the responsible use of refrigerants by RAC Plants.

UN Environment is also part of ASHRAE’s refrigeration and research committees to ensure that the needs of developing countries are known to ASHRAE for its standards, research and global activities.

BUNDESFACHSCHULE KÄLTE-KLIMA-TECHNIK (BFS)

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO).

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Training and capacity building related to safe use of ozone-friendly low-GWP & energy efficient RAC technology.

Details: Cooperating with UNEP under the EC bilateral project

CHINA HOUSEHOLD ELECTRIC APPLIANCES ASSOCIATION (CHEAA)

Type of organisation: Industry association.

Scope of cooperation: National.

Type of cooperation: Facilitating South-South cooperation (especially in the SEAP region) to exchange China’s experiences with the transition to R290 (propane) in A/C industry to other Article 5 countries; cooperating in risk assessment for higher flammability or A3 refrigerants.

Details: Supporting the annual conference of CHEAA; organizing a special workshop and field trip for A/C industry from Middle East high ambient temperature (HAT) countries in the margins of the CHEAA conference; cooperating to assist HAT countries to build a risk assessment model for the use of A3 refrigerants.

CHINA TRUST FUND

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: Regional

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology in Asia-Pacific region

Details: Bilateral project funded outside of Multilateral Fund: “Strengthen the capacity of the Asia Pacific countries for the adoption of the environmental friendly alternatives through South-South Cooperation for the implementation of the Montreal Protocol.” Includes information sharing, capacity building related to low-GWP alternatives, workshops, and training.

ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY (EIA)

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting climate-friendly RAC technologies

Details: Participating in UNEP Network meetings; sharing and outreaching information related to low-GWP alternatives in supermarket RAC systems.

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (EC)

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology.

Details: Bilateral project funded outside of Multilateral Fund: “Maximising the climate benefits of the HCFC phase out” (PICs, Francophone Africa).

EUROPEAN PARTNERSHIP FOR ENERGY AND THE ENVIRONMENT (EPEE)

Type of organisation: Industry association

Scope of cooperation: Regional

Type of cooperation: Exchanging experiences between Europe and Article 5 countries on policies and market practices/measures to comply with environmental regulations for eliminating ODS and reducing dependency on high-GWP alternatives

Details: Sharing experiences of the EU in market adaptation with F-Gas regulation to Article 5 countries; cooperating with the West Asia region on non-ODS surveys and market projections

FEDERATION OF EUROPEAN HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING ASSOCIATIONS (REHVA)

Type of organisation: Private sector

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology in buildings and building design.

Details: Outreaching energy efficient buildings, in-door air quality, air-conditioning and ventilation through publications and website.

GLOBAL REFRIGERANT MANAGEMENT INITIATIVE (GRMI)

Type of organisation: Industry association

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting the sound management of refrigerants amongst RAC industry; supporting training and emissions reduction measures; advocating for refrigerant management policies and norms.

Details: UNEP is cooperating with GRMI secretariat and members to convey the needs and voice of Article 5 countries and Montreal Protocol to that initiative. RDL, which is joint UNEP-AHRI Initiative, is becoming one of the partners to GRMI.

INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE OF REFRIGERATION (IIR)

Type of organisation: Inter-Governmental Organization

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology in the cold chain.

Details: Sharing technical information and expertise; organising joint events; co-organizing thematic workshop on alternative technologies for cold chain adapted to Africa.

INTERNATIONAL MARITIME ORGANISATION (IMO)

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology in the maritime and fishing sectors.

Details: Collecting data and sharing and outreaching information and publications related to the maritime and fishery sector.

JAPAN REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING INDUSTRY ASSOCIATION (JRAIA)

Type of organisation: Industry association

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: South-South cooperation to exchange Japan experience in transition to low-GWP alternatives in A/C industry to other Article 5 countries; cooperating in risk assessment for A2L refrigerants.

Details: Organizing special workshop and field trip for A/C industry from Middle East HAT countries to Japan; cooperating to assist HAT countries to build risk assessment model for the use of A2L refrigerants.

MINISTRIES OF LABOUR

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Training and capacity building related to good servicing practices and ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology for technicians in the formal and informal sectors.

Details: Mainstreaming codes of good practices including the incorporation of flammable refrigerant-based RAC equipment and energy efficiency issues into national certification systems for RAC technicians to ensure safe handling of flammable refrigerants; sustaining good practices training; raising awareness of the training needs for the informal sector.

PACIFIC ISLANDS FORUM FISHERIES AGENCY (FFA)

Type of organisation: Inter-Governmental Organization

Scope of cooperation: Regional

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy RAC technology.

Details: Collecting data, sharing and outreaching information and publications related to the maritime and fishery sector; collaborating on an assessment of ODS used in the fishing sector in Pacific Islands

RAC ASSOCIATIONS

Type of organisation: Professional association

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology.

Details: Supporting HPMP implementation, often including training, assessment and certification of technicians; providing access to technology information to their member companies; participating in selected network activities; participating in or co-organizing Ozone2Climate technology roundtables and exhibitions; outreaching information. Examples include (non-exhaustive list): Bangladesh BRAMA, China CRAA and CHEAA, India ISHRAE, Pakistan HVAC Association, Maldives RAC association, Mongolia RAC association, Republic of Kora KRAIA and KSCIA, Serbia KGH, Sri Lanka RAC association.Albanian Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Association, Armenian Refrigeration Association, Bosnia and Herzegovina Metal and Electrical Industry Association, Croatian Refrigeration AC and Heat Pumps Association, Georgian Association of Refrigerating, Cryogenic and Air Conditioning Engineers, Hungarian Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Association (HRACA), Kyrgyz Public Association of Refrigeration Technicians “ECOHOLOD”, Macedonian (FYR) Association for Refrigeration & Air-conditioning Technicians, Moldovan Public Refrigeration Association, Polish National Refrigeration Forum, Romanian General Association of Refrigeration (AGFR), Russian Union of Refrigeration Industry (Rossoyuzholodprom), Russian International Academy of Refrigeration(IAR), Russian Association of Climate Industry Enterprises (APIC), Russian Guild of the Refrigeration, Russian Scientific - Industrial Association of Refrigeration “Holodprom”, Tajik Association "Center of Artificial Cold", Turkish Air-Conditioning & Refrigeration Manufacturers’ Association (ISKID), Turkish Foundation for Heating, Cooling and Air-conditioning Research and Education (ISKAV), Turkish Association for Refrigeration and Air-conditioning Education, Consultancy and Research (ISEDA), Turkish Association of Refrigeration Industry Businessmen (SOSIA), Turkish Association of the Aegean Industrialists and Businessman of the Refrigeration (ESSIAD), Serbian Union of Mechanical and Electrical Engineers and Technicians (SMEITS) - Society for Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning (KGH).

RAC VOCATIONAL TRAINING INSTITUTES/COLLEGES

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Training and capacity building related to ozone-friendly, low-GWP & energy efficient RAC technology

Details: Assisting the delivery of training programmes under HPMPs and update national training curricula to cover good practices including safe handling low GWP, flammable refrigerants

REFRIGERANTS, NATURALLY!

Type of organisation: Private sector

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient RAC technology in point-of-sale applications

Details: Partnership includes The Coca Cola Company, Pepsico, Redbull and Unilever. UNEP and Greenpeace are supporters (producing and sharing information, conducting joint outreach activities). Recognised by UNCSD as a Partnership for Sustainable Development. As of July 2016, the partners have collectively placed 5 million units using natural refrigerants worldwide, resulting in around 30 million metric tons of CO2 emissions prevented (equal to the annual emissions of more than 6.1 million passenger vehicles)

SECRETARIAT OF THE PACIFIC COMMUNITY (SPC)

Type of organisation: Inter-Governmental Organization

Scope of cooperation: Regional

Type of cooperation: Supporting RAC technical vocational training and energy efficiency policy management in the Pacific region

Details: UNEP is exploring with SPC about forming possible synergies with the Pacific Islands labelling standards for RAC systems, technical vocational training/certification in formal national educational institutions and in linking to energy efficiency management policies.

STANDARDS AND CODES

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS / FIRE DEPARTMENTS

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Updating/developing building codes to support introduction of low GWP alternatives

Details: Revising/updating of national building codes, etc. to remove barriers and consider safety issues for the application of RAC equipment using flammable refrigerants

EMIRATES AUTHORITY FOR STANDARDIZATION AND METROLOGY (ESMA)

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Organizing joint conferences and events about low-GWP alternatives and technologies; promoting the update of RAC standards; establishing relationships between refrigerant selection and energy efficiency programs.

Details: Jointly organizing 5 international symposia on alternative refrigerants for high ambient countries; organizing regional event on update of RAC and foam-related standards in the West Asia region.

STANDARDS ORGANISATIONS

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Updating/developing standards for services and products with low GWP alternatives.

Details: Encouraging (through NOUs) the establishment or updating of national standards / codes of good practice for the safe installation and servicing of RAC equipment using flammable refrigerants to facilitate the uptake of new long term alternatives and technologies.

CUSTOMS AND ENFORCEMENT

CUSTOMS AGENCIES

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Promoting enforcement of trade provisions for ODS under the Montreal Protocol; customs training training activities under HPMPs; contact point for Montreal Protocol-related training of customs officers; disseminating enforcement-related information; reporting seizures of ODS, mixtures and equipment; participating in enforcement-related events; training related to HPMP implementation through customs training institutes; reporting of illegal ODS trade; nominating candidates for ozone protection award (ECA region).

Details: Various activities at country level.

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (EC)

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Enforcing ODS licensing systems.

Details: Active partner of iPIC initiative

ENVIRONMENTAL INVESTIGATION AGENCY (EIA)

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Preventing illegal trade in ODS.

Details: Participating in UNEP Network meetings; outreaching information about combatting illegal ODS trade through publications and website.

GREEN CUSTOMS INITIATIVE (GCI)

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Customs training; compliance and enforcement; combatting illegal ODS trade.

Details: The GCI partners include the Secretariats of the relevant multilateral environmental agreements (Basel, Cartagena, CITES, Montreal, Rotterdam Stockholm), Interpol, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, UNEP, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the WCO. The partnership is coordinated by UNEP DELC.

WORLD CUSTOMS ORGANISATION (WCO)

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Customs training; e-training; compliance and enforcement; combatting illegal ODS trade.

Details: UNEP and WCO have a formal framework for cooperation (MOU). UNEP collaborated with WCO to develop a Montreal Protocol e-learning course for customs officers, which is hosted by WCO’s e-learning platform; mutual participation in relevant events. UNEP cooperates with WCO Headquarters as well as WCO’s Regional Intelligence Liaison Offices (RILOs), Regional Offices of Capacity Building (ROCB), and Regional Training Centres (e.g. AKMAL in Malaysia, ROK, India).

INVENTORIES

CLIMATE AND CLEAN AIR COALITION (CCAC)

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation: Regional

Type of cooperation: Supporting HFC & low GWP inventories.

Details: Bilateral projects funded outside of Multilateral Fund: “HFC & low GWP inventories for Bahamas, Cambodia, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Mongolia; HFC Inventory Summary document.”

UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (USEPA)

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: Regional

Type of cooperation: Supporting ODS destruction

Details: Promoting adoption of ozone-friendly low-GWP and energy efficient refrigeration and air conditioning technology; Public procurement

ODS DESTRUCTION

EUROPEAN COMMISSION (EC)

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Supporting ODS destruction.

Details: Bilateral project funded outside of Multilateral Fund: “Environmentally sound collection, management and destruction of ODS banks in developing countries.”

OTHER

BILATERAL PARTNERS OF THE REGIONAL NETWORKS OF OZONE OFFICERS

Type of organisation: Montreal Protocol focal points

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Implementing Montreal Protocol.

Details: Sharing experiences of non-Article 5 countries (and former accession countries to the EU) on legislation, policy setting, enforcement, training, certification etc. with the network countries.

GULF COOPERATION COUNCIL (GCC) SECRETARIAT

Type of organisation: Regional economic integration organization

Scope of cooperation: Regional

Type of cooperation: Developing regional policies and regulations in support of Montreal Protocol; compliance and enforcement; combatting illegal ODS trade.

Details: UNEP is cooperating with GCC and other regional & sub-region al organizations and secretariats (LAS, RILO, ICARDA, ACSAD, GOIC) to support the development and implementation of national phase out policies and strategies and combat illegal trade of ODS.

COUNTRIES WITH ECONOMIES IN TRANSITION (CEITS)

Type of organisation: Government agency

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Sharing experiences about Montreal Protocol implementation

Details: Participating in network, thematic and customs cooperation meetings, iPIC (ECA).

IMPLEMENTING AGENCIES (UNDP, UNIDO, WORLD BANK)

Type of organisation: International partnership (government, international organisation, private sector, professional associations, NGO)

Scope of cooperation: Global

Type of cooperation: Partnering to assist Article 5 countries

Details: Joint meetings, training, and project implementation.

MEDIA & OUTREACH

Type of organisation: Private sector

Scope of cooperation: National

Type of cooperation: Outreaching Montreal Protocol related information.

Details: Outreaching Montreal Protocol articles, e.g. Cooling Post, KGH journal, NOU & Ministry websites, UNEP in Europe, WCO “Environet”