The 2030 Agenda is a fundamental shift from today’s growth-based economic model to a new way that targets sustainable and equitable economies and societies worldwide, and greater public participation in decision-making, in line with Principle 10 of the 1992 Rio Declaration. It is an agenda that aims to replace unsustainable consumption and production patterns with sustainable lifestyles and livelihoods that benefit all. Central to the agenda is the understanding that a healthy, well-functioning environment is crucial for humankind to prosper.
Ending poverty (Goal 1) can be achieved by integrating economic development, social protection and environmental health. Environmental poverty – resulting from lack of access to natural assets, inadequate management of resources and exposure to ecosystem degradation and pollution – leads to greater vulnerability and a loss of resilience in communities. An increasing world population will make it even more challenging to provide basic services to the poor.