On 15 October 2018, the Mediterranean Assistance Unit (MAU) celebrates its 25th anniversary. For a quarter century, MAU provided immediate expert assistance at no cost for the Mediterranean coastal States to respond to oil and chemical spills at sea.
The Mediterranean Assistance Unit (MAU)
The MAU was established by decision of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention1, within the framework of the Emergency Protocol2. The primary objective of the MAU is to rapidly provide onsite and remote services of selected experts to a Contracting Party which, in case of emergency, request such assistance. The MAU experts can provide advice and technical expertise to the authorities to decide on the combating measures to take and on the assistance that could be necessary to request.
Main interventions following oil spills incidents
The MAU has been activated in many occasions to support oil spills incidents, including the 1994 Nassia incident which released of 95,000 tonnes of crude oil in the Bosporus strait; the 2006 Jiyeh Power Plant - 15,000 tonnes heavy fuel oil spill impacting the Lebanese and Syrian coastline, the grounding of the Costa Concordia, in Italy, in 2012, the 2014 Evrona oil spill which resulted in 5-million litres of crude oil gushing from the pipeline, in Israel and more recently the sinking of the Agia Zoni II, in Greece in 2017.
The Nassia after the fire (1994) ©Cedre
Jieh Power Plant (2006) ©REMPEC
Wreck of the Costa Concordia (2012)
© Ministero dell'ambiente
Evrona Oil Spill (2014) ©Roy Talbi
AGiaZoni II (2017) ©MAU Experts
How does it work?
The MAU can be mobilized by the Head of Office of REMPEC (the Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean Sea), upon request of a Mediterranean coastal State. REMPEC is one of the 6 Regional Activity Centers of the Mediterranean Action Plan.
The MAU is composed of selected highly qualified experts and centres of expertise providing expert advisory service including crisis management and organization of intervention; analysis, assessment and forecasting of oil and chemical slick behaviour, fate and movement; combating methods and techniques at sea and onshore; treatment and disposal of wastes, financial documentation and claims for compensation; etc.
To facilitate the mobilization of MAU experts and reduce burdens from Mediterranean coastal States, a MAU special fund managed by REMPEC has been established in the framework of the Barcelona Convention3 to secure the funds required to mobilise an expert to cover up to a one month mission.
To expediate MAU mobilisation procedures within hours from the country request, standard forms have been set-up to activate the MAU, and agreements have been signed with the following institutions:
The MAU looks forward to the future with confidence and optimism in order to meet the expectations of the Contracting Parties by developing its areas of expertise. REMPEC is working on the expansion of its membership to relevant specialised institutions, the upgrade of communication and reporting procedures through an online Mediterranean Emergency Reporting System (MedERSys) under development and explores with partners innovative ways to continue supporting efficiently Mediterranean coastal States.
1 Eighth Ordinary Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea against Pollution and its related Protocols (Antalya, Turkey, 1993)
2 Protocol on Co-operation in Combatting Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Oil and Harmful Substances
3 Fifteenth Ordinary Meeting of the Contracting Parties to the Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean and its Protocols (Almeria, Spain, 2008)