Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD)
The MSSD 2016-2025 was adopted by the Barcelona Convention contracting parties in 2016. It provides an integrative policy framework and a strategic guiding document for all stakeholders and partners to translate the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the regional, sub regional and national levels. It aims to harmonize the interactions between socio-economic and environmental goals, adapt international commitments to regional conditions, guide national strategies for sustainable development, and stimulate regional cooperation between stakeholders in the implementation of sustainable development.
The Strategy is built around the following vision:
A prosperous and peaceful Mediterranean region in which people enjoy a high quality of life and where sustainable development takes place within the carrying capacity of healthy ecosystems. This is achieved through common objectives, strong involvement of all stakeholders, cooperation, solidarity, equity and participatory governance.
The MCSD is made up of 40 members: 22 permanent, representing each of the Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Convention, as well as 18 rotating representatives from wider community, that in principle have a mandate of 2 years.
The first Mediterranean Strategy for Sustainable Development (MSSD) was originally adopted in 2005 by the Contracting parties to the Barcelona Convention.
Strategic Action Programme to address pollution from land-based activities (SAP-MED)
The SAP MED, adopted by COP 9 in 1997, aims at improving the quality of the marine environment by better shared-management of the land-based pollution. It sets out 33 regional pollution reduction targets to be achieved by 2025. (Link to the full text)It is designed to assist Contracting Parties in taking actions individually or jointly within their respective policies, priorities and resources, to prevent, reduce, control and/or eliminate the degradation of the marine environment, as well as to its recovery from the impacts of land-based activities including transboundary pollution. To track pollution reduction progress and hot spot elimination, a reporting system was also established and is operational since 2003 through the establishment and submission on a 2 and 5-year basis, of pollutant loads per source for a considerable number of pollutants (National Baseline Budget system - NBB). UNEP/MAP-MEDPOL conducted an evaluation of SAP/NAP implementation in the Mediterranean which was adopted by the Contracting parties in 2016
Strategic Action Plan for the conservation of marine and coastal biodiversity in the Mediterranean (SAP-BIO)
The SAP BIO, adopted by COP 12 in 2003, aims at establishing a logical base for implementing the 1995 SPA Protocol, that is providing Contracting Parties to the Barcelona Conventions, international and national organisations, NGOs, donors and all other actors involved in the protection and management of the Mediterranean natural environment, with principles, measures and concrete and coordinated actions at national, transboundary and regional level for the conservation of the Mediterranean marine and coastal biodiversity, within the framework of sustainable use and through the implementation of the 1995 SPA Protocol. (Link to the full text)
Regional Strategy for Prevention of and Response to Marine Pollution from Ships (2016-2021)
The Regional Strategy, adopted by COP 19, 2016 aims at contributing to preventing and reducing pollution from ships and combating pollution in case of emergency. It contains twenty-two objectives to be achieved by 2021, as well as a set of implementation goals, and a list of relevant international Conventions and European Union legislation. (Link to the full text of the strategy)
Ballast Water Management Strategy
The Strategy adopted by COP 16 in 2009, aims to establishtheframeworkforaregional harmonized approach in the Mediterranean on ships’ ballast water control and management which is consistent with the requirements and standards of the BWM Convention, as outlined in its Article 13.3.
The present Strategy is composed of eight strategic priorities and of an Action Plan and Workplan/Timetable for its implementation.