Methodological Framework

The Global Gender and Environment Outlook (GGEO) occupies a unique space at the intersection of foundational environmental frameworks such as The Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) and foundational gender-lens frameworks.

The GGEO project will be the first large scale global environmental assessment to combine these approaches. Bringing gender perspectives to bear on environmental frameworks is not a matter of ‘add women and stir.’ Rather, gender analysis actually changes the frameworks themselves. Approaching environmental understanding through a gender lens demands new and different questions, emphasizes different dimensions of human-environment relationships, and requires different methodological tools and approaches.

GGEO Methodology

At the Multi-Stakeholder Consultation meeting in Bonn, Germany, from 4 – 6 November 2014, Dr. Joni Seager, Coordinating Lead Author for the GGEO presented a paper on the methodology used for the development of the publication.

The Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response (DPSIR) framework will be used as departure point for the analysis of the gender-environment nexus and to inform decision-making by describing the interplay between human activities and the environment from a gender perspective.

In order to focus on policy options and solutions-oriented responses, the project will go a step further by additionally highlighting best practices and inspiring examples. It will also continuously benefit from emerging approaches in integrated environmental assessment by linking to the GEO process.

This will ensure that new, robust, methodologies are taken into consideration and that the GGEO will build on and enhance the DPSIR framework, tailoring the GGEO process to best capture and examine human wellbeing and ensure that gender elements are integrated in the most appropriate way.


The GGEO will not generate new data on the environment.

GGEO starts with existing environmental information. However, from that base it expands the circle of what is defined as environmental information, it shifts the foundational questions we ask, and it brings in new analytical perspectives, including reframing the basic set of questions we ask.

Conventional approaches to environmental analysis typically hide gender realities by (1) using undifferentiated social categories and (2) by starting with a false assumption of sameness in “human” relations to environments, including as agents of change. Gender and environment relationship analysis thus requires a new approach.