The Global Gender and Environment Outlook is a collaborative project between the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and strategic partners to bring gender issues to the heart of environmental assessment and decision-making.


Everywhere in the world, men and women occupy different positions in relationship to the environment. They experience the impact of environmental changes differently. Gender roles often create differences in the ways men and women act in relation to the environment, and in the ways men and women are enabled or prevented from acting as agents of environmental change.

Everyone, women and men alike, have an important role to play in moving towards environmental sustainability. Recognizing women as part of the solution is therefore not only a human right in itself, but also provides a unique opportunity to address the often deep-rooted inequalities in society that impact negatively on the urban and rural environment.

An impressive body of work since the 1980s makes clear that environmental analysis is sharpened, enhanced, and transformed by a gender-sensitive lens.

While some knowledge on gender-environment linkages is already available, it is rather scattered and represents diverse sectors, geographic scales and periods of time. Therefore, it is a challenge to develop comprehensive regional and global insights.

By exploring future sustainability pathways from a gender perspective, we have the opportunity to envisage the future we can have and make a tangible difference in the lives of people around the world, while taking care of the environment.

The GGEO provides an overview of existing knowledge to generate insights and gives a first set of answers to the following key policy-relevant questions:

•    What social forces are producing the changes seen in the environment and are they gender dependent?
•    What are the large-scale consequences of ongoing ecological changes for social systems and human security and are the impacts gender-differentiated?
•    What do future projections and outlooks look like, are they gender-differentiated and will there be different outcomes for women and men?
What actions could be taken for a more sustainable future that will position men and women as equal agents in taking such actions and which socio-economic factors will shape different outcomes
and responses for men and women?

The GGEO has been developed and written by a global team of 50 experts with inputs from major groups and international organizations. We wish to thank all those who have contributed to the GGEO,
and look forward to the uptake of its findings throughout the environmental sector at international and national levels.


The assessment’s funding is supported by the Norwegian and Swedish governments, through their ear-mark funds for gender assessment and activities in UNEP.

The assessment also benefits from technical and organizational advice from the following Partners: The Network of Ministers and Leaders of the Environment (NWM&LE), Women in Europe for a Common Feature (WECF), UN Women, UN University, University of Iceland and World Centre for Sustainable Development.